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Disclaimer: The information provided here was gathered from research literature published by the University of Arizona, other professional Landscape and  Horticultural organizations and our experience at Arid Zone Trees. Always consult local landscape experts for recommendation for your specific area.

 

 

 

 

Arid Zone Tree-Mail

An Arid Zone Trees Publication   2015 Volume 21 Issue 3

www.aridzonetrees.com 

 

 

www.aridzonetrees.com

 

info@aridzonetrees.com

 

Arid Zone Trees

 

Dedicated to providing quality trees to the landscape industry, that are appropriate to the desert Southwest.

 

FVA: Frequently

Viewed Articles

 

Prosopis Thornless Hybrid, ‘AZT’

Introducing Variety AZT™'

Cloned Quality and Uniformity

Tree Planting Practices an Overview

Trees in Production

For a complete listing

Arid Zone Times

 

Useful Link and Upcoming Events

 

Arizona Nursery Association
www.azna.org

ANAFUND Fund Raiser

SNL April 11

 

AZ Chapter of ASLA
www.azasla.org

 

ASLA Gala and Conference

 

 

AZ Landscape Contractors Assoc

www.azlca.com

ALCA Field Day April 18th

 

Desert Botanical Garden

 

www.dbg.org

 

DBG Desert Landscape School

 

 

 

 

Large Plastic Tubs

 

Arid Zone Trees is beginning the transition from 24” wood boxes to plastic tubs. We will also explore the appropriateness of larger tubs for producing 36” and 48” box trees. We look forward to cooperating with landscape architects and contractors to make this conversion seamless and constructive for all our clients. Please contact us if you have questions at info@aridzonetrees.com.

 

Sophora secundiflora (Texas Mountain Laurel)

and Sophora secundiflora ‘Silver Peso’

 

 

Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) and ‘Silver Peso’ are used in most desert landscapes as a flowering, evergreen shrub. Of the four common names associated with this plant, Sophora, Texas Mountain Laurel, Frijolito and Mescal Bean, Sophora is the most widely used. ‘Silver Peso’ distinguishes those selections that display pubescent (fuzzy), silvery-gray leaves, from the more commonly found green leafed selections. Native to Texas, New Mexico and northeastern Mexico, Sophoras are well adapted to high temperatures, well drained alkaline soils and full sun. They typically grow quite slowly eventually reaching a mature height of 15 to 20 feet and 8 to 10 feet wide. Its slow rate of growth to mature height has led some to categorize it as a large shrub/small tree.

 

The form is usually low branching or multiple trunked with a dispersed to fairly dense canopy of glossy green or silver-gray leaves. In native settings they are found growing at elevations from 1000' to 5000'. Sophoras can be naturalized to survive on average annual rainfall alone in some desert settings. Supplemental summer irrigations are usually required in central and southern Arizona. The highest rate of growth is achieved on established Sophoras when they are planted in full sun and given deep, monthly irrigations during spring and summer. The leaves are compound (made up of smaller leaflets) with 7 to 9, round, 1 inch diameter leaflets. With proper pruning, Sophoras can be trained into the form of a small, multiple trunked trees. Be aware that excessive pruning can inhibit flower production, as Sophora’s produce flowers only on one year old wood. Trunks range in color from dark gray to black.

 

 

Established plants are hardy to 0 degrees F. In March and April 4" to 8" bright purple, drooping clusters of wisteria-like flowers are produced. These flower clusters are very fragrant with a smell resembling grape soda. Flowers fade fairly quickly and by mid-summer give rise to 3" to 4" fuzzy, tan, seed pods. The seeds are large, 3/8" to 1/2" diameter and dark orange in color. Seeds and flowers can be toxic to children and pets. The risk is limited as the seed pod and seed coat are very hard and difficult to crack. Placement and maintenance of this shrub should take into account the risk posed by the flowers and seeds.

 

 

Sophoras can be used as individual flowering shrubs, in groupings to exploit the glossy green foliage, purple flowers and remarkable fragrance or as a screen or hedge planting. It mixes easily with other desert landscape plant materials and adds a unique color and texture to the landscape. It will tolerate planting in or near turf or in more native areas. Sophoras are thornless.

 

The only insect pest of any consequence is the larvae of the Pyralid Moth that feeds on leaves, young twig growth and immature seed pods. It is readily controlled by application of Bacillus thuringiensis (sometimes called BT), a widely available, commercial biological control agent. Sporadic availability and the relatively slow growth rate have limited the use and popularity of this shrub. Proper maintenance can enhance the growth and increase the popularity of this remarkable yet under-appreciated flowering desert shrub.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arid Zone Trees 

PO Box 167

Queen Creek, Arizona 85142

info@aridzonetrees.com 

480-987-9094

 

 Ed Mulrean Ph.D.,  Editor